Looking for Lampreys in Northwest Territories

After many months of preparation, my colleague Noel Alfonso and I will soon be off to collect lampreys, those jawless fish-like vertebrates, in the Northwest Territories. This is part of a Canadian Museum of Nature-funded research project to learn more about the evolution of Arctic lampreys.

Alexander Naseka, Noel Alfonso, Claude Renaud.

The team: Alexander Naseka, Noel Alfonso, Claude Renaud. Image: Brian Coad © Canadian Museum of Nature

Our colleague Alexander M. Naseka from the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, will also be joining us on our three-week field trip.

The purpose of this field trip is to collect two species of lampreys in rivers around Great Slave Lake: one species that feeds on fishes as an adult (also defined as parasitic), and one that does not feed as an adult.

A lamprey (Lethenteron alaskense).

A non-parasitic lamprey of the Lethenteron alaskense species. We hope to collect some on our trip. This image was published originally with the species description by Vladykov and Kott in 1978, in Biological Papers of the University of Alaska.

There are many questions that we will seek answers to. The larvae of both lampreys live in the bottom of a river for a number of years, but neither has been properly described. The nonparasitic species (the one that doesn’t feed as adult) has been reported from one river (Martin) and the parasitic species has been reported from four rivers (Harris, Hay, Slave and Mackenzie). We will compare the larvae morphologically and molecularly to see if they are distinguishable.

Map of the area around Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, with points marked.

This map shows the places in the Northwest Territories where lampreys were previously collected.

Adults are more difficult to collect because they are found in higher concentrations only in gravelly areas with moderate current during the spawning period. We will be there when they have been reported to be spawning, so we are hoping to be lucky and catch them.

The three of us will be arriving in Yellowknife on the June 20, 2012. For the next three weeks, we will travel over 2000 kilometres by truck to the five rivers where lampreys were collected 40 years ago, and where we hope to collect them again this year (see map).

We will start with the Martin and Harris rivers near Fort Simpson, proceed to the Hay River near the community by the same name, followed by the Slave River around Fort Smith, close to the Alberta border, and finish up with the Mackenzie River near Fort Providence.

Watch out for further blogs in a couple of weeks.

This entry was posted in Animals, Fieldwork, Research, Water and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Looking for Lampreys in Northwest Territories

  1. Pingback: Collecting Lampreys in the Martin River, Northwest Territories | Canadian Museum of Nature – Blog

  2. Pingback: Science in the Kitchen…Collecting Lampreys in the Hay River, Northwest Territories | Canadian Museum of Nature – Blog

  3. Pingback: Mission Accomplished for Lamprey Field Team in Northwest Territories | Canadian Museum of Nature – Blog

  4. William says:

    Found this fish on the trout river. It fell out of the gills of a walley fish we caught. About 6 to 7 inches long. Clear shallow river upriver of jean marie river nwt

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